All About BTC, LTC, ETH mining as well as other alternative crypto currencies
The Bitmain AntMiner S1 Bitcoin ASIC miners are shipped at 180 GH/s default hashrate and they do support easy overclocking to about 200GH/s or a little over by increasing the operating frequency of the chips that is set at 350 MHz by default. Increasing the frequency to 400 MHs seems to be the most common solution to overclock your AntMiner S1 in order to get about 200GH/s hashrate, however that leads to an increase in the number of HW errors that you are getting. Now, it is completely normal to get some HW errors for an ASIC, especially overclocked one, but the percentage value should be fairly low if everything is normal.
When you login to the Bitmain AntMiner S1 web interface and open the Miner Status page you have a field called HW, this field may show a high value, but in order to calculate the actual percent of the HW errors you need to use a special formula and not directly compare the number in the Accepted and HW fields as they may show similar numbers getting you to think that you are getting way too many errors when that is not the case.
AntMiner S1 HW Error Calculation Formula:
HW / (diffA + diffR + HW) * 100
By using the formula above we can calculate that our miner has:
1937 / 1747537 * 100 = 0.11% HW Error Rate
0.11% is a very acceptable HW Error percentage for a Bitmain AntMiner S1 ASIC overclocked to provide about 200 GH/s hashrate. That is however the case with our settings using 393 MHz overclock frequency of the chips with an average of 201.55 GH/s hashrate. If overclocking to 400 MHz we are getting a little bit of a GH/s increase, however the HW Error rate also goes from 0.11% to a little more than 1%, so no point pushing the clock of the chips to 400 MHz in our opinion.
In order to overclock your Bitmain AntMiner S1 ASIC to provide 200 GH/s and low HW Errors rate with our settings you need to follow the steps below:
– Login with SSH to your AntMiner S1 ASIC using the IP and username/password you’ve set it to use.
– Type “cd /etc/config” (without the quotes) in order to get to the folder where the config file is located on the miner.
– Type “vi asic-freq” (without the quotes) to edit the config file, comment the currently set options by placing # in front of them and add the following lines or directly replace the values with the following ones:
option ‘freq_value’ ‘5f05’
option ‘chip_freq’ ‘393.75’
option ‘timeout’ ’36’
– Save the changes you have made and type “reboot” (without the quotes) to restart the miner, so that it can apply the new settings and start mining at 200 GH/s with the overclock settings you’ve set.
If you ever wondered how hot does the Bitmain AntMiner S1 Bitcoin ASIC Miner get when operating and mining for BTC now you can get a better idea about the temperatures thanks to some thermal images that we’ve made of one of these BTC ASIC miners. The AntMiner S1 has the cooling radiators on the other side of the PCBs and not on the one where the SHA-256 mining chips are placed, so the operating temperature of the chips is not so low. Running at the default hashrate of about 180 GH/s you can see temperature of about 68 degrees Celsius and it is of the voltage regulators above the chips. As you can see the temperature on the left is lower than that on the right side of the board due to the fact that the cooling fan is on the left side.
Moving on to the exhaust side of the AntMiner S1 cooler where the hot air passing through the cooling radiator passes you can see that on the hotter output end the maximum temperature is about 61 degrees Celsius. A the same time the web interface reports operating temperatures of about 45 degrees Celsius for the two boards with chips that make the Bitmai AntMiner S1. As you can see it is a good idea to think more about the improvement of the cooling of the ASIC miner, especially if you do plane to overclock it to 190 GH/s or even 200 GH/s. The hardware is probably able to handle pretty well higher temperatures than these, but ensuring good cooling will make it perform great for longer period of time and you would want to have that when talking about a BTC ASIC miner.